CIT) offers Hungarian interpreters and translators with legal, medical and specialty experience, including criminal and civil matters, employee meetings, engineering, patent cases, labor disputes, immigration and more.
Although based in Los Angeles, CIT offers comprehensive Hungarian language services including interpretation, translation and transcription, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, worldwide. Our interpreters and translators are native speakers who have been screened, certified, have provided credentials, field tested, and kept up to date with developments in both English and the Hungarian language through means such as lectures, conferences, and travel. CIT’s Hungarian language interpreters and translators possess in depth knowledge of the Hungarian language, as well as of the culture and history of the Hungarian people, allowing them to provide informed and complete interpretation and translation.
The Hungarian Language
The Hungarian language, also know as Magyar to those who speak it, is spoken by around 12.5 million people worldwide. Hungarian is spoken in Romania, Czech Republic, Ukraine, Israel, the US and Canada among other nations in small amounts. It is a Finno-Ugric language within the Uralic lanhguage family. Hungarian is primarily spoken in Hungary but also spoken in Slovakia, Romania, Yugoslavia and other nations in Europe.
Hungarian is known to be one of the most difficult languages to learn. It has been written in modified Latin since the 13th century. By the 1500s, its written alphabet was more stabilized. Hungarian has many Turkish, Iranian, English, Slavc, Latin and Germany loanwords. It is cloest to other languages such as Khanty and Mansi, spoken in Russia. Many believe that Hungarian has been separated for about 2,500 years. The language follows the vowel harmony, where vowels belong to one of three groups, depending on the placement of articulation. These three grounps are back vowels, rounded vowels or front unrounded vowels. The stress, or accent, is always on the first syllable of a word.
It is believed that the ancestors of the Hungarians came from the Ural Mountains around the 4th – 6th centuries. Eventually, they moved down towards the Danube around the 9th century. Even though they are considered European, their language is technically of Asian origin.
There are several dialects in the Hungarian language, although the Standard Hungarian dialect is what is spoken in Hungary’s capital of Budapest. Other dialects are: Central Transdanubian, North-eastern Hungarian, Paloc, Southern Great Plains, Southern Transdanubian, Tisza-Koros, Western Transdanubian, Oberwart (spoken in Austria) and Csango (spoken in Romania). The last two are not well understood by speakers of Standard Hungarian.
Hungarian has several vowels and consonants. There are 14-15 vowels. Of all the other Uralic languages, Hungarian has the most phonemes. Different consonants include bilabial, labiodental, alveolar, postalveolar, palatal, velar and glottal. As previously mentioned, Hungarian has many loanwords from other languages. Additionally, the nouns can be differentiated by singular or plural, although gender is not marked. There are seven non-local cases (nominative, accusative, dative, instrumental, causative, translative, terminative) and ten local cases. Verbs have a stem and tense/mood suffix along with a person/number suffix. There are two tenses (present and past) and three moods (indicative, conditional and subjunctive). The word order is Subject-Verb-Order.
Fun Facts about Hungary
- The Hungarians invented the Rubik’s cube
- Hungarian is thought to be the hardest language to learn
- Hungary has no beaches
- Lake Balaton in Hungary is the largest lake in Central Europe
- Erich Weisz, also known as Harry Houdini, was born in Hungary
- It is considered rude to clink beer glasses in Hungary
- Water polo is a national sport