Kazakh interpreters and translators
CIT offers Kazakh interpreters and translators with legal, medical and specialty experience, including criminal and civil matters, employee meetings, engineering, patent cases, labor disputes, immigration and more.
Although based in Los Angeles, CIT offers comprehensive Kazakh language services including interpretation, translation and transcription, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, worldwide. Our interpreters and translators are native speakers who have been screened, certified, have provided credentials, field tested, and kept up to date with developments in both English and the Kazakh language through means such as lectures, conferences, and travel. CIT’s Kazakh language interpreters and translators possess in depth knowledge of the Kazakh language, as well as of the culture and history of the Kazakh people, allowing them to provide informed and complete interpretation and translation.
The Kazakh Language
The Kazakh language is part of the Turkic language family of language, more specifically the Kipchak branch. Other names for the Kazakh language include Qazak, Kazak, Kaisak, Kosach, Kazax, Gazaqi, Kazakhi and Qazaqi. Like other Turkic languages, Kazakh is derived from the Chagatai, which is an old and extinct Turkic language, which was once the first language of many areas in Central Asia. Chagatai refers to the Chagatai Khanate, the western area of the Mongolian empire. The Kazakhs, a group that were similar to the Uzbeks, became part of the Soviet Union in the early 20th century, in 1917.
After the Soviet Union fell in 1991, Kazakhstan became its own country. The word Kazakh comes form the Turkish word, gaz, which means to wander. The word “cossack” also comes from this root. The language is currently spoken in Kazakhstan, China, Uzbekistan, Iran, Mongolia and Turkey among others. There are approximately 13 million Kazakh speakers worldwide. 10 million are approximated to live in Kazakhstan, 1.25 million in China, 1 million in Uzbekistan and 100,000 speakers living in Mongolia.
The Kazakh language is spoken in the Gansu and Qinghai provinces of China and in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. In Uzbekistan, it is spoken in the Karakalpakstan Autonomous Republic and in Mongolia, in the Bayan-Olgly and Hovd provinces. Kazakh is the official language of Kazakhstan and in the Altai Republic of Russia.
The Kazakh language was initially written in Arabic in the 1800s. There were many poets were had received Islamic education and had rebelled in Russia. In response to such revolts, Russia set up secular schools and derived a Kazakh script with the Cyrillic alphabet. It was not accepted and by 1917, Arabic script is used for the language, including in schools and with local government. In 1927 due to the Kazakh nationalist movement, the Arabic script was no longer used and the Latin alphabet was imposed. Soon after, in 1940, the Cyrillic alphabet replaced the Latin script.
In 1927, Kazakh nationalist movement sprang up but was soon suppressed. At the same time the Arabic script was banned and the Latin alphabet was imposed for writing Kazakh. The Latin alphabet was in turn replaced by the Cyrillic alphabet in 1940. In 2006, in an attempt to modernize the language, the Latin alphabet took over once more. As of October 2017, the switch began to the Latin alphabet and should be done by 2025.
The three main dialects of the Kazakh language are Northeastern, Southern and Western Kazakh. The Northeastern Kazakh dialect is the standard dialect of the Kazakh language. In Kazakh, there are 9 vowels. They are either long or short and can make a difference in the meaning of a word.
The structure of the Kazakh language follows that of other Turkic languages in that there is vowel harmony. There are many consonants in Kazakh, including velar and uvular consonants. Consonants can be bilabial, labio-dental, dental/alveolar, post-alveolar, palatal, velar, uvular or glottal. The stress of words in Kazakh is usually on the last syllable of a word. Grammatically speaking, Kazakh is an agglutinative language, meaning the grammatical relations are determined by adding suffixes to the roots of words. Nouns can be found in either singular or plural.
There are seven cases of nouns in Kazakh. They include: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, locative, ablative and instrumental. There is no gender in the Kazakh grammar. Kazakh follows the subject-object- verb word order. Verbs must agree with their subjects. There are singular and plural verbs, three persons, three tenses, five moods and two voices. Many words in the vocabulary of the language come from Russian, Arabic and Farsi.