Cal Interpreting & Translations (CIT) offers Balochi interpreters and translators with legal, medical and specialty experience, including criminal and civil matters, employee meetings, engineering, patent cases, labor disputes, immigration and more.
Although based in Los Angeles, CIT offers comprehensive Balochi language services including interpretation, translation and transcription, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, worldwide. Our interpreters and translators are native speakers who have been screened, certified, have provided credentials, field tested, and kept up to date with developments in both English and the Balochi language through means such as lectures, conferences, and travel. CIT’s Balochi language interpreters and translators possess in depth knowledge of the Balochi language, as well as of the culture and history of the Balochi people, allowing them to provide informed and complete interpretation and translation.
The History of the Balochi Language
The Balochi language is known to be one of the oldest living languages in the Indo-Iranian group. Balochi is spoken by approximately 7 million people in Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan and East Africa. The language itself is typically split into three dialect groups: eastern, southern and western dialects. The eastern dialect is heavily influenced by Sindhi while the western dialect is influenced by Persian. The language itself has many words from either Arabic or Persian origin. It is the primary language of Balochistan, a province of Pakistan. The origin of the Balochi language is unclear but many believe it traveled with the Balochi people as they migrated from their original place of establishment east or southeast of the Caspian region in the 8th and 9th centuries. It is believed that the language derived from an ancient and lost language from the Parthian Empire, explaining why Balochi is quite close to Kurdish and Persian languages.
Before 1947, Balochistan province in Pakistan had two official languages: Persian and English. In 1948, the official language of all of Pakistan became Urdu.
Although a large amount of people speak Balochi, it is not the official language anywhere in the world. In Balochistan, parents prefer that their children learn Urdu, Persian or English in school. Therefore, there is no parental support to teach Balochistan. Only about 1% of Balochi speaking people can read and write the language; however, there are still newspapers, magazines and literature in Balochi. Nowadays, it is primarily spoken at home and in local communities but not further.
Balochi Grammar and Language Writing
The Balochi language has both prepositions (mainly seen in the western dialect of Balochi) and postpositions (mainly see in the eastern dialect of Balochi). The nouns can be said in both masculine and feminine form, plural or singular, and with five cases: nominative, accusative, dative, oblique and vocative. The verbs can be found in past and non-past tenses and other categories of verbs include aspect (imperfective and perfective), mood (indicative, imperative, interrogative and subjunctive) and active and passive voice. Like many other Indo-Iranian languages, the word order follows the subject-object verb style.
Before the 19th century, Balochi was not written. This changed when the British establish a Balochi alphabet based on Latin. In the late 1800s, Balochi scholars split the Balochi language community by adapted Arabic script as a form of writing the language. Even today, there is no standard way of writing Balochi. Outside of Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan, Balochi is written in Latin. The language has 33 letters and 2 diphthongs. In 2000, a Latin-based alphabet was suggested for Balochi.
Fun Facts about Balochistan
- A famous sport in Balochistan, called Bazuki, is when teams try to steal goat carcasses from their opponents while on horseback.