CIT offers Turkish interpreters and translators with legal, medical and specialty experience, including criminal and civil matters, employee meetings, engineering, patent cases, labor disputes, immigration and more.
Although based in Los Angeles, CIT offers comprehensive Turkish language services including interpretation, translation and transcription, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, worldwide. Our interpreters and translators are native speakers who have been screened, certified, have provided credentials, field tested, and kept up to date with developments in both English and the Turkish language through means such as lectures, conferences, and travel. CIT’s Turkish language interpreters and translators possess in depth knowledge of the Turkish language, as well as of the culture and history of the Turkish people, allowing them to provide informed and complete interpretation and translation.
The Turkish Language
The Turkish language, the main language of Turkey and spoken in Cyprus, is a Turkic language spoken by over 88 million people worldwide. 71 million of Turkish speakers speak the language as a first language. The remainder speak Turkish as a second language. Turkey is also spoken in German, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Greece and other areas in Europe and Central Asia. There are also about 40,000 Turkish speakers in the United States.
Turkish is part of the Oghuz branch within in the Turkic family of languages. It belongs to the Altay branch within the Ural-Altaic family, along with Finnish and Hungarian. The Turkish language is very similar to other Turkic languages, such as Azerbaijani, Turkmen, Qashgai, Gagauz, Tatar, Uzbek and Balka Gagauz Turkish. Often times, those who speak Turkish are able to understand, if not speak the other languages mentioned. The Oghuz language, which is a more ancient version of Turkish, came to Anatolia in the 1000s by Seljug Turks. This would later become Ottoman Turkish, which would include several loanwords from Arabic and Persian.
Prior to 1928, the Turkish language was written in Ottoman Turkish script, which was a version of a Perso-Arabic writing. In an effort to modernize Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Atatatuk ordered that the Arabic text be replaced with the Latin alphabet. This new, more modern text has been used ever since 1928. The Ottoman Turkish script is not taught anywhere and only scholars or those who learned it prior to 1928 can read it.
As the Turks have been known to spread across many geographical areas, they took the Turkish language with them. Therefore, the Turkish language is spoken across a large area. There are several dialects in the Turkish language and they can be divided into Western and Eastern dialects. Danubian, a major dialect, is the sole dialect in the Western dialect of Turkish. Other dialects in the Eastern group include Eskisehir, Razgrad, Dinler, Rumelian, Karamanli, Edirne, Gaziantep and Urfa. Additionally, there are other classifications that have created more dialects such as Southwestern, Central Anatolia, Eastern, Rumelian, Kastamonu. Today’s Turkish language is based on an Istanbul dialect of Anatolian.
The history of the Turkish language has been divided into three time frames: old Turkish (600s-1200s), mid Turkish (1200s-1900s) and new Turkish (1900s onward). The Turkish language is agglutinative. There are different suffixes on nouns that can indicate gender or number. However, there is not grammatical gender. There are six noun cases: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, locative and ablative. There is subject-verb agreements and no definite article. The word order for Turkish is subject-object verb. The Turkish language has eight vowels and 21 consonants.