CIT offers Mandarin interpreters and translators with legal, medical and specialty experience, including criminal and civil matters, employee meetings, engineering, patent cases, labor disputes, immigration and more.
Although based in Los Angeles, CIT offers comprehensive Mandarin language services including interpretation, translation and transcription, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, worldwide. Our interpreters and translators are native speakers who have been screened, certified, have provided credentials, field tested, and kept up to date with developments in both English and the Mandarin language through means such as lectures, conferences, and travel. CIT’s Mandarin language interpreters and translators possess in depth knowledge of the Mandarin language, as well as of the culture and history of the Mandarin people, allowing them to provide informed and complete interpretation and translation.
The Mandarin Language
The Mandarin language is mainly known a Chinese, or Northern Chinese. It is a Sino-Tibetan language and the most popular form of the Chinese language among the five most popular languages spoken in China. It is spoken in all parts of China that are north of the Yangtze River and is the most popular language in the world. About 66% of China speaks Mandarin as a native language. Mandarin is spoken in China, Eastern Central Myanmar, Northern Myanmar, Mongolia and Taiwan. Over 1 billion people in China speak Mandarin and close to 1.2 billion people worldwide speak Mandarin.
Mandarin Chinese has 4 subgroups. They are: Northern Mandarin (centered around Beijing, northern China and Manchuria), Northern Mandarin (spoken between Baoji and most of northwestern China), Southwestern Mandarin (Chongqing and Sichuan) and Southern (Nanjing). Mandarin Chinese is based around Beijing. It is the national language of China, referred to as putonghua. Modern Standard Chinese is the official language of Taiwan.
There are four tones in the Mandarin language. They are: level, rising, falling and high-rising. These tones are used in order to differentiate between words or syllables that are similar. As with other Chinese language, Mandarin has primarily monosyllabic words.
Mandarin follows the subject-verb-object word order. There are six complete word classes, eight vowels, 24 consonants and 6 diphthongs. Mandarin is used in a variety of subjects such as academic, religious text, media related and government. 91% of the Chinese are literate and Mandarin is considered a fully developed language.
The Mandarin writing system is written in Bopomofo script and has been used since 1913. It was revised in 1920 and again in 1932. Han script has been used officially since 1956 in Mainland China along with Singapore. Mandarin text is written in vertical columns and are written from top to bottom, right to left. The first column is on the right side of the page and the last is on the left. Mandarin characters are written in an art form, where each part of a word can be its own character. For example, with the word yesterday, the part yester would be one character as for the part day would be another character. Characters are written in an imaginary box as they are written in columns, making each character the same size.
Traditionally, the main religions of China are Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Daoism and Islam.