CIT offers Hindi interpreters and translators with legal, medical and specialty experience, including criminal and civil matters, employee meetings, engineering, patent cases, labor disputes, immigration and more.
Although based in Los Angeles, CIT offers comprehensive Hindi language services including interpretation, translation and transcription, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, worldwide. Our interpreters and translators are native speakers who have been screened, certified, have provided credentials, field tested, and kept up to date with developments in both English and the Hindi language through means such as lectures, conferences, and travel. CIT’s Hindi language interpreters and translators possess in depth knowledge of the Hindi language, as well as of the culture and history of the Hindi people, allowing them to provide informed and complete interpretation and translation.
The Hindi Language
The Hindi language is part of the Indo-Aryan group, part of the Indo-Iranian branch of Indo-European languages. It is the first and preferred language of India while the second language and the primary language of business is English. About 425 million people speak Hindi as their first language and an additiona 120 million speak it as a second or tertiery language. Other nations that speak Hindi besides India include South Africa, Mauritus, Bangladesh, Yemen and Uganda.
The Hindi language, which is written in Devanagari, has been highly influenced by Sanskrit. The primary dialect of Hindi is Khari bolic, which is spoken in the north and east. Other dialects of Hindi include Braj Bhasha, Awadhi, Bagheli, Bhojpuri, Bundeli, Chhattisgarhi, Garhwali, Haryanawi, Kanauji, Kumayuni, Magahi, and Marwari. Many believe these are not actually dialects, rather regional languages of Hindi. Even within these zones are discrepancies between languages. For example, Maithili is more similar to Bengali than it is to Hindi. Rajasthani is also more similar to Gujarati than to Hindi. Regardless, Hindi is still the main language of elementary school education. In such an area, there is a prominence associated with speaking Hindi, as there is a prominence associated with speaking English in southern parts of India. During the 1950s with a large insurgence of media, television and movies, more people have been speaking standard Hindi. Around that time, there was a large increase in code switching, where a speaker would combine Hindi and English words in one sentence.
The precursor languages of Hindi are Sanskrit, Prakrit and Apabhramsha. Hindi was greatly influenced by the Persian language. For example, an adjective would not change if the number in the noun changes. Hindi has number agreements through postpositions and has two genders, masculine and feminine, unlike Sanskrit that has a neutral gender as well.
There are many loanwords of other languages in the Hindi language, particularly from Persian, Arabic and English.
In the 1930s, a linguist named Sumit Kumar Chatterjee performed a study on how the language, which he called Bazaar Hinudstani, was being used. It was used by Europeans and Indians who spoke other languages like Assamese, Bengali, Oriya, Tamil and Hindi. Hindustani comes from Hindi and Sanskrit or from Urdu and Persian. It was known as the lingua franca, the first language, of Kolkata (known as Calcutta today). It appears that modern day Hindi came from a mix of very many languages. A government agency called the Central Hindi Directorate is working to modernize the Hindi language and as a result, the language is moving closer to Sanskrit. Those who are not native Hindi speakers are moving the language closer to English by inserting more loanwords into the Hindi lexicon. It is the goal of Hindi speakers, both native and non-native speakers, to expand the language.
Fun Facts about the Hindi Language
- Hindi words are spelled out exactly as they are pronounced to make it easy to learn
- Hindi Day, annually celebrated on September 14, marks the day the Hindi language became official in 1965
- The word “Hindi” comes from the Persian word “Hind,” which means The Land of the India River
- The first Indian film, Raja Harishchandra, was released in 1913.
- Hindi typewriters were first sold in 1930.