The Croatian Language Interpreters and Translators
Cal Interpreting & Translations (CIT) offers Croate (Croatian) interpreters and translators with legal, medical and specialty experience, including criminal and civil matters, employee meetings, engineering, patent cases, labor disputes, immigration and more.
Although based in Los Angeles, CIT offers comprehensive Croate (Croatian) language services including interpretation, translation and transcription, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, worldwide. Our interpreters and translators are native speakers who have been screened, certified, have provided credentials, field tested, and kept up to date with developments in both English and the Croate (Croatian) language through means such as lectures, conferences, and travel. CIT’s Croate (Croatian) language interpreters and translators possess in depth knowledge of the Croate language, as well as of the culture and history of the Croate (Croatian) people, allowing them to provide informed and complete interpretation and translation.
The Croatian Language
Croatian (or Croate) is part of the Slavic branch of Indo-European languages. When Yugoslavia broke up, Serbo-Croatian, which was the common language of people from Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Montenegro, was then split into three languages: Serbian, Croatian and Bosnian. Once Yugoslavia split, the term “Serbo-Croatian” was essentially no longer used. This posed a problem historically, culturally and politically. Many believe that using these three languages was mainly done for political reasons as opposed to linguistical reasons.
What was once known as Eastern Yugoslavia, Serbia, Montenegro and parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina, was quite distant both in culture and religion from the western part of Yugoslavia. Serbia was in the Ottoman Empire and Croatia was Austro-Hungarian. Therefore, Serbian and Croatian have different dialects and are also written using different alphabets. In effort to create an independent South Slavic state, Serbian and Croatian become one language in the 1800s.
The official language of Croatia is Standard Croatian. Approximately 4.8 million people today speak Croatian, living in all areas of Croatia. There are about 700,000 additional people worldwide who speak Croatian in countries such as Germany, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovakia, Italy, Slovenia, Australia, Hungary, the US and Canada.
In 1974, the Yugoslavian constitution allowed for each republic to use it’s own language after several Croatian scholars and writers issued Declaration Concerning the Name and Status of the Literary Language in 1967, which called for the Croatian language to be used more widely in public life.
Dialects and Linguistics
There are several dialects in the Croatian language. Shtokavian is spoken in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro and Southern Austria. Two other dialects are Chakavian and Kaikavian. Within Shtokavian, linguists have come up with 7 dialects. The main differences of the dialects is in the pronunciation of the first consonant in the Croation word for “what.”
Croatian grammar is similar to that of other Indo-European and Slavic languages. Nouns are marked for gender, number and case. Verbs agree with their subject (number in the non-past tenses and gender in the past tense). The Croatian word over is Subject-Verb-Object.
The Croatian language has 5 vowel phonemes. There are 25 consonant phonemes that fall under 7 categories: bilabial, labio-dental, alveolar, post-alveolar, alveo-palatal, palatal and velar. Croatian is a high-pitched stress language. In Croatian, words with one syllable always have a falling tone. Those with two or more syllables can also have a falling tone but only on the first syllable. One can expect to have several loan words from native Slavic as opposed to Serbian and Bosnian that have loan words from Russian and Western European languages.
Fun Facts about Croatia
- Croatia has the world’s smallest town called Hum with a population of 17
- Game of Thrones was filmed in Croatia
- The city of Zadar in Dalmatia is known to have the best sunset in the world
- Nikola Tesla was born in a mountain region in Croatia