Cal Interpreting & Translations (CIT) offers Bulgarian interpreters and translators with legal, medical and specialty experience, including criminal and civil matters, employee meetings, engineering, patent cases, labor disputes, immigration and more.
Although based in Los Angeles, CIT offers comprehensive Bulgarian language services including interpretation, translation and transcription, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, worldwide. Our interpreters and translators are native speakers who have been screened, certified, have provided credentials, field tested, and kept up to date with developments in both English and the Bulgarian language through means such as lectures, conferences, and travel. CIT’s Bulgarian language interpreters and translators possess in depth knowledge of the Bulgarian language, as well as of the culture and history of the Bulgarian people, allowing them to provide informed and complete interpretation and translation.
The Bulgarian Language
The Bulgarian language is a Slavic language with approximately 12 million speakers. About half of those speakers live in Bulgaria. Bulgarian is spoken in Ukraine, Macedonia, Serbia, Turkey, Greece, Romania, Canada, Germany, Spain, Israel, Australia and the US. It is very close to Macedonian but has many similarities to Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian and Slovenian.
The Bulgarian language was the first written Slavic language and first appeared in the 800s in the Glagolitic alphabet, which was eventually replaced by the Cyrillic alphabet. It is part of the South Slavic group of the Slavic Branch of Indo-European languages.
History of the Bulgarian Language
The Bulgarian language’s history spans approximately four periods. The first was prehistoric Bulgarian, which occurred between the invasion of the Balkans and the 860s, when St. Cyril and St. Methodius were sent on a mission to Great Moravia. The next phase is Old Bulgarian, which was between the 9th and 11th centuries. It was also called the Old Church Slavonic. It was the language used by St. Cyril and St. Methodius and their disciples in order to translate the Bible along with other religious literature from the Greek language. It is believed that Old Bulgarian was the first of the Slavic languages to be attested in writing.
The next phase of the language is Middle Bulgarian, which was from the 12th to 15th centuries, when Bulgarian was part of the Ottoman Empire. Bulgarian lost the Old Church Slavonic system. Modern Bulgarian, the last phase, is the language from the 16th century to today. It is the official language of the Republic of Bulgaria.
The Bulgarian language has two main dialects. The first is the Palityan dialect, which is the Standard Bulgarian commonly spoken. The second is the Pomak dialect, which is primarily spoken in Greece and is a transitional dialect between Bulgarian and Serbian.
Nouns, Verbs and Word Order
Nouns, adjectives and pronouns fall under several categories in Bulgarian. They are: gender, number, accusative and definitiveness. All adjectives agree with the noun they describe in gender, number and case.
The Bulgarian verb system is similar to that of Old Slavic, especially in the tenses. They fall under 1st, 2nd and 3rd person, number, tense, aspect and mood. However, unlike in other Slavic language, there is no ending for the infinitive verb in Bulgarian.
The word order of Bulgarian in Subject-Verb-Object (SVO).