Cal Interpreting & Translations (CIT) offers Czech interpreters and translators with legal, medical and specialty experience, including criminal and civil matters, employee meetings, engineering, patent cases, labor disputes, immigration and more.
Although based in Los Angeles, CIT offers comprehensive Czech language services including interpretation, translation and transcription, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, worldwide. Our interpreters and translators are native speakers who have been screened, certified, have provided credentials, field tested, and kept up to date with developments in both English and the Czech language through means such as lectures, conferences, and travel. CIT’s Czech language interpreters and translators possess in depth knowledge of the Czech language, as well as of the culture and history of the Czech people, allowing them to provide informed and complete interpretation and translation.
The Czech Language
The Czech language, part of the Slavic branch of the Indo-European languages, is spoke by about 9.2 million people in the Czech Republic. Additionally, people in various countries such as Austria, Bulgaria, Canada, the US and Israel speak Czech. Overall, it is estimated that 9.5 million people worldwide speak Czech. The Czech language is close to Slovak, whereas speakers of the languages are often able to understand one another.
Czech remains the official language of the Czech Republic and is used in all levels of education, media, publication and government affairs. The dialect of Prague, which is also the capital of the country, is the basis for the Standard Czech language.
There are several dialects in the Czech language. They are: Central Bohemian, Czecho-Moravia, Southwest Bohemian, Northeast Bohemian, Hanak and Lach. There are several influences between the Czech found in books (literary Czech) and the Common (or spoke) Czech language. The main differences between the two are the pronunciation and the structure of words.
Sound System and Structure of Czech
The Czech language has five vowel phonemes. Vowels are either long or short, depending on the meaning of the word.
The Czech language also has several consonants, typically clustered together. They are affected by voice adjustment. They can be bilabial, labio-dental, alveo-dental, post-alveolar, palatal, velar or glottal. They address stops fricatives, affricatives, nasals, laterals trill and approximants. The stress on a word is always on the first syllable. The Czech language is similar to other Slavic languages. Like other Slavic languages, nouns are specified by gender, number and case. There are three genders (masculine, feminine and neutral). There are two numbers (singular and plural) and seven cases (nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental, locative and vocative).
Verbs in the Czech language have multiple categories. They are conjugated, have gender, number and person differences. Like other Slavic languages, the Czech language personal pronouns are dropped since the end of the verb makes the person clear. Verbs agree with their subject in person and number. There are two tenses (past and non-past) and three moods (indicative, imperative and conditional) along with two voices (active and passive). The Czech language follows the Subject-Verb-Object order. Most of the vocabulary in the Czech language comes from standard Slavic roots. This is shared in common with all Slavic languages. The main influences on the Czech language is Old Church Slavonic along with Latin and German.