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Barcelona - Park Guell, Spain

Barcelona – Park Guell, Spain

Spanish Language Statistics/Facts:

The Spanish language has 400 million native speakers around the world, making it the second most spoken language, following Chinese. Spanish is wide spread in both North and South America, as well as in many parts of Europe, and has had a long road to becoming the current dominant language it is today. The extensive dispersion of the language was due in part to exploration, conquest, and also to forcible conversion, making Spanish today a worldwide vernacular, as well as one of the UN’s official languages.

Spanish Dialects:

Dialect Region
Peninsular Spanish

(includes Castillian, Andalusian, Murcian, Catalan, Basque, Galician, Exremaduran)

Europe
Canarian Canary Islands
Llanito Gibralter
Spanish of the Americas

(includes Latin American Spanish, Rioplatense Spanish, Carribean Spanish)

Americas
Equatoguinean Spanish Africa

 

Countries with Most Spanish speakers:

Spain

Mexico

Colombia

Argentina

Venezuela

 

Spanish Speaking Country Data:

 

Country: Spain

Capital: Madrid
Population: 46.77 million
Kingdom of Spain: Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy
Currency: Euro
GDP (ppp): $1.19 Trillion
Unemployment: 22.7%
Government Type: Constitutional Monarchy
Industries: Machine tools, metals and metal products, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, ship building and automobiles, tourism, textiles.

 

Country: Mexico

Capital: Mexico City
Population: 122.3 Million
Constitutional Republic: President Enrique Pena Nieto
GDP (ppp): $1.14 Trillion
Unemployment: 4.05%
Government Type: Constitutional Republic
Industries: Automobiles, electronics, mining, textiles, clothing, motor vehicles, tourism, chemicals, iron, steel, food and beverages.

 

Country: Argentina

Capital: Buenos Aires
Population: 43 million
Kingdom of Spain: Mauricio Macri
Currency: Argentine Peso (ARS)
GDP (ppp): $583 Billion
Unemployment: 8.5%
Government Type: Constitutional Republic
Industries: Beverages, food processing, motor vehicles and auto parts, electronics, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, publishing, furniture leather, glass, and cement.

 

Spanish History

The history of the Spanish language and the origin of the dialects of Spain begin with the linguistic progression of Vulgar Latin. Castilian & Andalusian dialects developed in the Iberian peninsula  (Hispania) during the middle ages. The emergence of modern Spanish more or less coincided with the re-conquest of Moorish Spain, which was completed by Isabella of Castile, and Ferdinand of Aragón.

Spanish is a member of the Indo-European family of languages. This group of languages originated in the Black Sea region around 5,000 years ago. The wide spread of the Spanish language can be largely attributed to Christopher Columbus, who visited America and facilitated its spread to the natives that he found there.

 

Interesting Spanish Facts:

  • Spanish is part of the Indo-European family of languages, which are spoken by more than a third of the world’s population. Other Indo-European languages include English, French, German, the Scandinavian languages, the Slavic languages, and many of the languages of India. Spanish can be classified further as a Romance language, a group that includes French, Portuguese, Italian, Catalan and Romanian.
  • To the people who speak it, Spanish is sometimes called español and sometimes castellano (the Spanish equivalent of “Castilian”). The labels used vary regionally and sometimes according to political viewpoint.
  • Spanish is one of the world’s most phonetic languages. If you know how a word is spelled, you can almost always know how it is pronounced (although the reverse isn’t necessarily true). The main exception is recent words of foreign origin, which usually retain their original spelling.