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PLOVDIV, BULGARIA - AUGUST 06, 2015 - 21-st international folklore festival in Plovdiv, Bulgaria. The folklore group from Serbia dressed in traditional clothing is preforming Serbian national dances.

PLOVDIV, BULGARIA – AUGUST 06, 2015 – 21-st international folklore festival in Plovdiv, Bulgaria. The folklore group from Serbia dressed in traditional clothing is preforming Serbian national dances.

Serbian Language Statistics/Facts:
Serbian is a standardized version of the Serbo-Croatian language. It is mainly used by Serbs from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, and also in Montenegro. Serbian is also used by minor groups in Croatia, Romania, Macedonia, Hungary, Slovakia, Greece, Czech, and Albania Republic. It is the official language in Serbia and Montenegro, and also in Bosnia. The actual number of Serbs is not well established, but is estimated to be around twenty million. The majority of Serbian speakers are found in the Western Balkans, which consists of the areas east of Bulgaria and east of Serbia.

Serbian Dialects:
Dialect, Region
Kajkavian, Slovania and Norwestern Croatia
Cakavian, Northern Croatia and the Indiatric Coast
Stokavian, Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Montenegro
Smederevo-Vrsac, Croatia and Serbia

Countries where Serbian is spoken:
Croatia
Serbia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Montenegro
Romani
Macedonia

Serbian Speaking Country Data:
Country: Croatia
Capital: Zagreb
Population: 4,300,000
Constitutional Parliamentary Republic: President Ivo Josipovic
Currency: Croatian Kuna (HRK)
GDP (ppp): $79.69 billion
Unemployment: 18.6%
Government Type: Constitutional Republic
Industries: Chemicals and plastics, machine tools, fabricated metals, electronics, iron, aluminum, paper, wood, construction materials, textiles, ship building, petroleum and petroleum refinery, food and beverages, tourism.

Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina
Capital: Sarajevo
Population: 3,876,000
Constitutional Parliamentary Republic: President ZeljkoKomsic
Currency: Marka (BAM)
GDP (ppp): $18.5 billion
Unemployment: 44.5%
Government Type: Federal Republic
Industries: Steel, coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, manganese, bauxite, vehicles, tobacco products, wooden furniture, tank and aircraft assembly, domestic appliance, and oil refining.

Country: Serbia
Capital: Belgrade
Population: 7,200,000
Constitutional Parliamentary Republic: President Tornislav Nikolic
Currency: Serbian Dinar (RSD)
GDP (ppp): $80.467 billion
Unemployment: 23.7%
Government Type: Parliamentary Republic
Industries: Motor vehicles, oil refinery, base metals, furniture, food processing, machinery, chemicals, sugar, tires, clothes, and pharmaceuticals.

Country: Macedonia
Capital: Skopje
Population: 2,058,000
Constitutional Parliamentary Republic: President GjorgeIvanov
Currency: Macedonian dinar (MKD)
GDP (ppp): $22.147 billion
Unemployment: 31.3%
Government Type: Parliamentary Republic
Industries: Food processing, beverages, textiles, chemicals, iron, steel, cement, energy, and pharmaceuticals.

Country: Montenegro
Capital: Podgorica
Population: 621,000
Constitutional Parliamentary Republic: Prime Minister Milo Dukanovic
Currency: Euro (EUR)
GDP (ppp): $7.461 billion
Unemployment: 19.1%
Government Type: Constitutional Monarchy
Industries: Steel making, aluminum, agricultural processing, consumer goods, and tourism.

Country: Romania
Capital: Bucharest
Population: 21,330,000
Constitutional Parliamentary Republic: President Traian Basescu
Currency: Leu (Leu or RON)
GDP (ppp): $169.4 billion
Unemployment: 7.5%
Government Type: Constitutional Republic
Industries: Automobile, cement and construction, aircraft, textiles, and arms industry.

Serbian History & Development
The history of this dialect traces back to the middle stone age, where there is alleged interaction between different communities which yielded the Serbian language. It’s wide use in Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Albania, Czech Republic, Bosnia, and Herzegovina shows it’s growth and dispersion, which led it to be used in the formerly larger Yugoslavian republic.

One of the most widely trusted theories of their origin claims that the Serbs originated in Turkey at a place called Boiki, which neighbors current day Croatia. It claims that the ruler of the land died, and since both sons wanted to take the leadership of the land they ended up splitting and moving towards the current location where the Serbs are found.
The first Balkan war of 1912 is the one that liberated the Serbs from foreign rule. After this war the kingdom of Yugoslavia was created. Belgrade was made the new capital and almost all the Serbs lived in this region. However, during the World War II, Axis powers occupied Yugoslavia, dismembering it. After the war the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was formed.
The communist Yugoslavia collapsed in the early 1990s and this led to the birth of new states from the previous united one. During this time there was serious civil war which claimed many lives.

Interesting Serbian Facts:
• Almost all Serbian names end with “ic”
• Serbian is the national language spoken in Serbia and Bosnia. It is also used by minorities in neighboring countries.
• The word ‘vampire’ is the most widely used Serbian word across the world.
• Serbian has been ranked among the most difficult languages to understand, together with Greek and Chinese.